Shades, sun cream and snorkels at the ready, gang! Their carapace can include shades of different colours, including dark brown, green, olive, yellow and black. Great for teachers, homeschoolers and parents alike!
Sea turtles have existed on Earth since million years ago. There are currently seven species or types of sea turtles, also called marine turtles, but there were once many more. Turtles belong to the reptile group of animals that also includes snakes, lizards, and crocodiles, all of which share the following characteristics:.
Leatherback turtles are named for their shell, which is leather-like rather than hard, like other turtles. They are the largest sea turtle species and also one of the most migratory, crossing both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Pacific leatherbacks migrate from nesting beaches in the Coral Triangle all the way to the California coast to feed on the abundant jellyfish every summer and fall.
Use the menu below to find out the facts that you need, or scroll down to become a sea turtle expert! Click on the image below for a FREE question sheet to use with this page. Answers can be found here. There are seven species of sea turtle click here to see them.
Common Name: Green sea turtle — named for the green color of the fat under its shell. In some areas, the Pacific green turtle is also called the black sea turtle. Description: They are easily distinguished from other sea turtles because they have a single pair of prefrontal scales scales in front of its eyesrather than two pairs as found on other sea turtles.
Caring for Stranded Marine Animals. Posted by Brie M on Jul 25, in Animals 6 comments. This cartilage layer is covered again by membrane bone — called osteoderms.
From leatherbacks to loggerheadssix of the seven species of sea turtles are threatened or endangered at the hand of humans. These creatures are well-adapted to the ocean though they require air to survive. Sea turtles live in almost every ocean basin throughout the world, nesting on tropical and subtropical beaches.
The head is retractable within the shell for most terrestrial turtles and tortoises but not for the sea turtle. A sea turtle's head remains out at all times. Sea turtles do not have teeth but their mouths are sharp and beak-like for crushing and tearing food. Depending on the species, sea turtles may be carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous.
Have you ever seen a live sea turtle? These marine reptiles are graceful underwater, and usually ungainly on land. There are seven recognized species of sea turtlessix of which the hawksbillgreenloggerhead, Kemp's ridleyolive ridley, and flatback turtles are in the Family Cheloniidae, with only one the leatherback in the family Dermochelyidae.
Sea turtleany of seven species of marine turtles belonging to the families Dermochelyidae leatherback sea turtles and Cheloniidae green turtles, flatback sea turtles, loggerhead sea turtles, hawksbills, and ridleys. Both families are highly aquatic, and most species only appear on coastal beaches for egg laying; however, the green turtle Chelonia mydas occasionally basks in terrestrial environments. Adult sea turtles are mainly denizens of tropical and subtropical seas, but the juveniles of both families occur naturally in more temperate waters. Dermochelyids and cheloniids are distantly related; their divergence from one another took place between million and million years ago.